Xuzhou is located in the southeast of the North China Plain, the northwest of Jiangsu Province, the Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal through the border, Longhai Railway, Beijing-Shanghai railway two major trunk line in this intersection, known as the "five provinces thoroughfare" said. Xuzhou is an important gateway city in East China, an important center of economy, science and education, culture, finance, medical care and foreign trade in East China, an important node city of the national "Belt and Road", an innovation demonstration zone of the National Sustainable Development Agenda, a deputy central city of the north wing of the Yangtze River Delta, and a core city of Xuzhou metropolitan area, with the reputation of "the Capital of China's construction Machinery".
At the end of primitive society, Emperor Yao Pengzu built the Pengshi State, which was the earliest city in Jiangsu Province. Xuzhou is one of the nine states of China in history. Since ancient times, it has been the key of the North, the gateway of the South, the contested place of soldiers and the center of merchants, and it is also the political, economic and cultural center of the Huaihai region. Xuzhou has a civilization history of more than 6000 years and a city history of 2600 years. It is the hometown of emperors, and there is a saying that "nine emperors came from Xuzhou". Xuzhou is the birthplace of Han culture, known as "Pengzu's hometown, Liu Bang's hometown, Xiang Yu's hometown", because it has a large number of cultural heritage, historical sites and profound historical deposits, also known as "Eastern Athens".
Xuzhou is a temperate monsoon climate, four distinct seasons, is a scenic tourist city, there are Yunlong Lake, Yunlong Mountain, Peng Zuyuan, Hubu Mountain, Pan 'an Lake and other tourist attractions, there are Peng Zu, Liu Bang, Sun Quan, Liu Yu, Li Yu and other historical celebrities. Won the National civilized City, United Nations Habitat Award, National innovative city and other titles.
History and culture
Culture of Han Dynasty
"Chu rhyme Han style, South show north male" is the most distinctive regional cultural characteristics of Xuzhou.
"The best place is not easy to know, when there are visitors to know", "Han Dynasty to see Xuzhou, Qin and Tang Dynasties to see Xi 'an, Ming and Qing Dynasties to see Beijing", Xuzhou City, the cultural relics of the two Han Dynasty, such as Shizhan King Mausoleum, Guishan Han tomb, opera stage, Sishui Pavilion, Bawang Tower, Song platform, sword spring, Zifang Temple, Royal Mausoleum mother tomb, sheep ghost Mountain pavilion, Han Terracotta warriors and so on. Xuzhou was the hometown of Liu Bang, Emperor Gaoxu of Han, who founded the Great Han Dynasty, which became the most powerful empire in the world at that time in response to the ancient Roman Empire in the west. The Han Chinese, the Chinese characters, the Chinese language, are all associated with this dynasty.
Culture of Peng Zu
Xuzhou is the birthplace of Pengzu culture, but also the Xu culture integration. Xuzhou is known as Pengcheng in ancient times. The history of the city can be traced back to more than 4000 years ago when the emperor Yao established the Dapeng family. The name Pengcheng was written in the Spring and Autumn Period (573 BC), which was the earliest city in Jiangsu Province. When Xia Yu controlled the flood, he divided the whole country into nine States, and Xuzhou was one of them. At that time, "Xuzhou" was only the name of a natural economic area, and Pengcheng became the central city of this area. Emperor Yao Peng Zu built a big Peng family state, Peng city was named, is the world Peng clan recognized as the birthplace. As the ancestral habitat of Chinese diet culture and health culture, Xuzhou city has left a large number of valuable Pengzu diet culture, health culture and other heritage, according to legend, Peng Zu, the founder of the big Peng family, lived 800 years old, is the founder of Chinese cuisine and Qigong. Peng Zu was highly regarded by Confucius and was also regarded as one of the founders of Taoism. The essence of Pengzu's health culture is "medicine and food have the same origin, to eat health". In addition, there are massage health care. Peng Zu's way of diet and health care played an important role in the formation and development of Han culture in the future.
Customs and people's feelings
Traditional Chinese opera
Xuzhou is the "hometown of Quyi". Popular operas in Xuzhou are Liuqin Opera, Jiangsu Clapper Opera, Hui Opera, Beijing Opera, Liuzi Opera, Flower drum Opera, Siping tune, Tintin Opera, shadow play, Pingju, drama and so on. Among them, the Liuqin Opera has a history of about 200 years, and the Jiangsu Clapper Opera has a history of 300 years. The local opera and folk dance of Xuzhou city have both the high, fierce, rough and simple style of the north, and the euphemism, lyricism, delicate and beautiful characteristics of the south.
Process and technology
The folk art of Xuzhou city has a long history and is one of the flourishing places of Chinese folk arts and crafts. The colorful colored pottery of the Neolithic Age, the exquisite bone carvings, the lifelike pottery sculptures of the Han Dynasty, and the deep and powerful stone sculptures of the Han Dynasty are all from the hands of folk artists. Peasant painting, paper cutting, clay play, cloth play, face figure, kite, colored lights, toys, sugar figure, wood carving, stone carving, embroidery, wooden New Year picture, straw weaving, willow weaving, embroidery brocade, etc., colorful, each with its own characteristics. Pizhou City was named by the Ministry of Culture as the township of Chinese modern folk painting, the township of Chinese folk paper-cut art, Jingan town of Peixian County was named by the Ministry of Culture as the township of Chinese folk paper-cut art, Dawu Town of Jiawang District was named by the Department of Culture of Jiangsu Province as the township of farmers' calligraphy and painting, Suining County was named the township of children's painting.
Xuzhou martial arts has a long history, is one of the birthplaces of Chinese martial arts, has thousands of years of development history, has a thick historical background and its own unique martial arts schools. According to incomplete statistics, there are 37 kinds of martial arts boxing in Xuzhou.